The study intends to implement an ecological multi-host surveillance to document the bacterial infections and antibacterial resistance (ABR) among humans, animals, birds and fishes sharing the environment and linkage with antibiotics and disinfectant exposures at individual, household/habitation and community levels from different sources. A multi-host and multi-species approach shall improve understanding on pattern and spread of bacterial infection and resistance considering the "One Health" perspective. The application of geospatial epidemiology technology shall allow integrating data from multiple sources. The evidence base generated shall address the gap to transform the public health action across sectors and trigger advanced molecular and genetic epidemiology.
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