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Vitamin A to Induce Gut Homing of Immune Cells

David Schwartz of Hackensack University Medical Center in the U.S. will test an intradermal injection that increases levels of vitamin A and blocks vitamin D3 metabolism. These important mechanisms can "educate" B cells to home to the gut and to make mucosal antibodies against many viruses, including HIV.

More information about Create New Ways to Induce Mucosal Immunity (Round 3)

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View the Grand Challenges partnership network

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is part of the Grand Challenges partnership network. Visit www.grandchallenges.org to view the map of awarded grants across this network and grant opportunities from partners.