Metagenomic Next Generation Sequencing for Female Sexual and Reproductive Health in Zambia
Jennifer Fitzpatrick of Zambart in Zambia will design and implement a one-step multiplex whole genome sequencing platform for the diagnosis of female genital schistosomiasis (FGS), sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and vaginal microbiome analysis in Zambia. FGS is caused by Schistosoma haematobium and affects around 56 million women in sub-Saharan Africa. Current diagnostic capabilities for STIs and FGS are inadequate and many patients are either incorrectly treated, overtreated or receive no treatment at all. They will use 525 self-taken vaginal swabs to develop the sequencing assay and follow-up with self-taken cervicovaginal swabs and S. haematobium eggs taken from up to 2,000 sexually active girls and women aged 15 to 50 for further development and implementation of the platform to enable the rapid identification of known and new pathogens. They will also characterize the cervicovaginal flora to gain insights into its role in sexual and reproductive health.