Naoru Koizumi of George Mason University in the U.S. will evaluate whether offering individuals a choice between different information and communication technologies (ICTs) will increase adherence to treatment for tuberculosis, which lasts six months. Treatment compliance particularly in urban poor populations is low, leading to the emergence of dangerous multi-drug resistant strains of the tuberculosis bacterium. Current methods used to increase compliance, such as sending SMS reminders and financial incentives, do not suit every patient. They will conduct a pilot test in India to determine whether offering tuberculosis patients a choice between different ICT-based options for receiving treatment reminders, recording compliance, and rewarding compliant behavior, rather than selecting the options for them, improves adherence to treatment.
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